Relative and absolute positioning in CSS


CSS positioning of elements is really sometimes confusing but is very easy to understand. Lets start with static position.
Static position is default for any element on a Web page. If position of element is not defined , it will be static and would display inside the normal flow of the page.

If you try to apply rules like top , bottom , left or right to static element , will be ignored.

Absolute Positioning

This is the easiest property to learn and understand. When absolute position is applied to an element it is taken out from the normal flow of document and is positioned to defined top ,left, bottom or right of the body.

Consider the following HTML code:

<div class="container">
	<div class="normal">This is normal text block </div>
	<div class="normal">This is normal text block </div>
	<div class="normal">This is normal text block </div>
	<div class="demo-position">This is an absolute block </div>

and its CSS as:

.normal, .demo-position{padding:10px;border:1px solid #000;background:#ccc}

Here is the output:


Relative positioning
Relative positioning uses the same four positioning properties as absolute positioning. But instead , it starts from where the normal flow of the element.

Most important thing is to note that if absolute element is inside relative element, it consider relative element as its parent element and will positioned accordingly.

Lets make little addition in above CSS. We will simply add “position:relative” to div container

.normal, .demo-position{padding:10px;border:1px solid #000;background:#ccc}

and find out the change as :

You will find absolute positioned div is now inside div container which was positioned relative.

isn't it was easy?

That's it!!

Recently Published


Know-How DevOps Benefits Your Business

The organizations in this current fast-paced environment need to ...


10 Best Prototyping Tools for UI/UX Designers

Website design for a client gets only successful if you follow their ...


Social Media Marketing: Strategy To Boost Ecommerce-Traffic

According to a recent study, the experts revealed that people aged ...


How Flutter Can Help Reduce Overall Mobile App Development Cost?

Before jumping on answering the question, let me first walk you ...


Which One is Better? DigitalOcean Or AWS?

Digitalocean or AWS: Picking a cloud service for your application or ...


Killing way to select Domain Name and Hosting

Planning to launch your online presence? We know it’s all very ...


7+ blogs to inspire how they made more than $200 in a day

On this page I want to go through the blogs on how they earn money ...


5 Best Practices to Make Responsive Web Design in 2020

According to statistics, 40.1% of the time spent on websites came ...


7 sites to download free stock videos for TikTok or YouTube

Many of us always wandering for free stock videos to integrate into ...